To understand concentrates, we need to know some basics about the psychoactive elements in cannabis. Concentrates take these and separate them from the rest of the plant.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that act on the endocannabinoid system of the human body and brain. Scientists have succeeded in isolating 113 different cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. You can also purchase top indica concentrates from various online sources.
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Notable cannabinoids include THC, which is the dominant force responsible for cannabis’ famous high, and CBD, which is responsible for many of cannabis’ remarkable health properties. The profile of any particular cannabis plant is in large part determined by its composition of cannabinoids.
Terpenes are a class of organic compounds that occur naturally in insects and plants. They produce a strong odor, which likely helps protect plants by deterring herbivores and attracting the predators of herbivores.
Over 120 terpenes have been found in cannabis. Terpenes give particular cannabis strains their flavor and can enhance and modify their medicinal and psychoactive effects. An ideal concentrate will succeed in isolating and preserving both a plant’s cannabinoids and its terpenes.
The cannabis plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes are found and produced in its trichomes. Trichomes are the white crystalline “fuzz” found on the surface of the plant’s buds. They’re also what makes cannabis sticky to the touch.
The word “trichome” comes from the Greek for “growth of hair.” On cannabis plants, trichomes likely play a defensive role, helping the plant ward off the elements, and helping to defend it against insects.